The age range for primary 1 level is 6 – 7 years old.
In this level, the children are expected to continue developing and strengthening their foundational skills in Math and English, which they need to understand the more advanced topics and skills in the upper primary levels. They will also be having new subjects like Science, Morals and life skills, Bahasa Indonesia, Agama or Religion, and others.
In the Primary 1 level, the children will also learn to be more independent as well as responsible for their own possessions. They will learn to work cooperatively and respectfully with the other children in their class.
Primary 2 is basically a continuation of Primary 1.
The children will encounter the lessons they had in the first level especially for the skill based subjects like Math, English, Bahasa Indonesia & Bali, Computer, Arts, etc… The difference would be that the skills would be a little more complicated. In Math for example, the children will continue to learn about addition but this time, there will be more numbers to be added, as well as the process of “carrying numbers”. In English, there will be longer words to read and spell, many of which are not phonetically pronounced.
For knowledge based subjects like Science , Sosial, PKN, and others, the children will meet and discover new and more exciting information which they both have to understand and remember.
Although the tasks the children are expected to perform and finish are more complicated, all are age appropriate.
This level is the third year in primary and is made up of children aged 8 – 9 years. Primary 3 is generally a transition year. The reading materials or passages they read are longer and they are expected to start learning how to analyze and apply what they have read to different situations. The Math concepts are more difficult especially since they need to start memorizing the multiplication tables. Science continues to get more interesting as they learn about basic physical and earth sciences.
Responsibility or being responsible is an attitude that the school aims to develop and strengthen in this level. This involves not only taking care of one’s things in school but also about doing tasks they are assigned to do both here and at home. Primary 3 is also about learning to work more cooperatively with others.
This is the fourth level. The children in this level are aged 9 to 10 years. During this time, they are expected to continue growing in competency in their various skills and interests. Together with developing in independence, these children will be given more tasks to help them grow in responsibility too. In the different subject areas, skill taught will continue to gradually increase in difficulty. There will be more materials to read, comprehend, analyze and synthesize.
The foundational skills taught in the lower primary levels (Primaries 1 to 3) continue to be used and built upon as the students move to the higher levels. This continues to be true in Primary 5 where lessons continue to grow in difficulty and depth. In this stage too, can be seen emotional, physical and social changes in the students. The students are in the stage where they are developing more awareness of themselves, other people and their environment, relationships, and independence. Continued guidance is necessary and valuable as they learn to make proper decisions and grow in self-control. In this level, the students will be given more responsibilities not only for their own concerns but also for those younger than them in school. They will be given more leadership roles in the various events and activities in school.
This is the last level before the students step into secondary or high school. This level is composed of students aged 11 to 12 years and is characterized by more opportunities to express one’s ideas both orally and written. The students will continue to be exposed to activities like debates or writing articles about one’s opinion regarding present issues in school or in the society. The students will read more non-fiction materials and learn more about prose and poetry. Their mathematical skills will be challenged by new and more advanced skills in computation and logical thinking. They will be faced with bigger concepts and issues in Science, Social Studies (IPS), Civilization (PPKn), in Global Perspective, and in Health Education.
The Primary 6 students are expected to be more self-reliant and independent, as well as show greater responsibility for their decisions and actions, and more self-control.