The Benefits of Flipped Learning Approach
By : Kadek Eva Yanthi Kusuma Dewi
With the emergence of creative learning approach that trains the students in skills for the 21st century, traditional learning approach is no longer considered relevant. Studies indicate that traditional learning approach does not nurture great academic results for the students as they are expected to mostly sit in the classroom, listen to the teacher’s lecture, and answer standardized tests. This prompts new, effective learning approaches that can better facilitate the learning process. Flipped learning approach, as the name suggests, is an instructional strategy that reverses the traditional learning approach by introducing new topics to the students via online videos that can be learnt at home, which is then followed by discussion and problem-solving activities live in the classroom. This approach provides several benefits for the learning outcomes.
First and most importantly, it can maximize the face-to-face time in the classroom. Since students can learn the knowledge and information at home, teachers have more room to create fun, engaging activities in the classroom. This can maximize the classroom meetings as the learning process is no longer filled with hours of sitting and listening to information. Instead, the meetings can be filled with interactive learning that prompts creative and critical thinking, such as investigation, exploration, discussion, experimentation, and practical application of the knowledge that students possess. The activities can also be designed to be fun and interactive, which can inject a sense of excitement into the students. Eventually, this will lead to the increase of students’ engagement as they feel more motivated to attend and participate in the classroom.
Flipped learning approach can also encourage students to develop independent learning skills. This is essentially important in today’s era that emphasizes on student-centered learning. Since the learning materials are studied at home, students are expected to obtain the information independently, leading them to have greater responsibility for their own learning. Every student can learn at their own pace by adjusting their learning time based on their abilities, passion, and learning style. Low achieving students are also benefitted as they do not feel burdened anymore to keep up with their friends since they can study on their own. Eventually, this will allow students to come prepared to the classroom as they already have the knowledge needed for the class discussions.
In conclusion, flipped learning approach is a new, innovative learning approach that aims to provide the best learning outcomes possible. Studies also indicate that the approach is effective in increasing students’ engagement in the classroom. It positively affects students’ achievement, cognitive skills, and attitude. The implementation, however, can face several challenges for both the teachers and the students. Therefore, adjustment is needed for it to be implemented effectively.
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Rahman, S. F. A., Yunus, M. M., & Hashim, H. (2020). The Uniqueness of Flipped Learning Approach. International Journal of Education and Practice, 8(3), 394–404. https://doi.org/10.18488/journal.61.2020.83.394.404.